Body mechanics is the use of correct muscles

Body mechanics is the use of correct muscles

. Body mechanics is the use of correct muscles to complete a task safely and efficiently, without undue strain on any ______________or _________________


2. Good body mechanics requires that you keep your back ______________and bend at the __________ and _________


3. When lifting, keep your feet _________with one foot slightly ahead of the other _________ your knees to absorb jolts; turn with your _____________.


4. When reaching for an object, you should stand directly in front of and ______________ the object.


5. When performing physical tasks, use your ________ and ________ muscles as much as possible and your muscles as little as possible.


6. Name four problems you can avoid by using good body mechanics.

a. _______________________________.

b. _______________________________.

c. _______________________________.

d. _______________________________.

7. Changing a patient’s position allows for greater _________ expansion and relieves pressure on the ___________________.


8. When a patient lies in bed for long periods of time, his muscles tend to become atonic and _____________________.


9. When positioning a patient, obtain assistance to move a heavy or ________________ patient.


10. Unless being turned or a particular position is contraindicated, a patient should be rotated through which four positions?

a. _______________________________.

b. _______________________________.

c. _______________________________.

d. _______________________________.

11. What should be done to prevent pressure and strain if a patient has a spinal injury and cannot be turned?



12. If you must turn a patient with a spinal injury, which method should you use? _________________.


13. Proper body alignment of a patient who must lie on his back for a long period of time gives ____________________and _____________________organs room to function normally.


14.Name the positions illustrated below:


b. _____________________.

c. _____________________.

d. _______________________.

e. _____________________.

15. When placing an adult patient in the supine position, place a pillow under the head and shoulders to prevent strain on neck muscles and ______________________ and ______________________ of the neck.


16. Elevate the head of the bed _______ to _______ degrees for a patient in the Fowler’s position and _______ to_______ degrees for Semi-Fowler’s.


17. For a patient in the Fowler’s or semi-Fowler’s position, raise the knee gatch approximately ____degrees, unless contraindicated.


18. You are having difficulty keeping the call light within a patient’s reach; what should you do? ___________________________________________________________.


19. Name two things you can do to avoid interrupting a patient once he falls asleep.

a. __________________________________.

b. __________________________________.

20. Getting a patient out of bed improves his circulation, particularly in the __________________________.


21. Be sure to _________________________ all wheelchair or litter wheels before transferring a patient from the bed.


22. Before ambulating a patient, if necessary _____________________ for pain.


23. When managing a patient who has collapsed, assume a broad stance with one foot slightly _______________, grasp the patient’s body firmly at the __________ or under the ______________, and allow him to slide down against your _______.


24. When managing a patient who has lost his balance, attempt to stabilize the patient by ___________________ against_____. Guide the patient to the __________ or __________ if possible.


25. When preparing to ambulate a patient, you should review the patient’s _____________________, the patient’s _____________________________, and the ______________________________________ .




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